Synopsis: Sandra Bessudo, marine biologist and founder of the Malpelo Foundation in Colombia, reflects on her first expedition to Malpelo Island and the infinite beauty that has kept her coming back for over 30 years, dedicating her life to its protection
Made in support with:
Fundacion Malpelo y Otros Ecosistemas Marinos
Parques Nacionales Naturales de Colombia
However, no matter how large Malpelo Island’s protected marine area is, it isn’t immune to the devastating disappearance of shark species around the world.
Malpelo: An Expedition is a stunning film that captures the beauty of the creatures that live around Malpelo Island—scalloped hammerhead sharks, silky sharks, whale sharks, eagle rays, smalltooth sand tigers, sea turtles, and corals, to name a few, as well as an incredible biomass of pelagic species.
The tiny island is also a Mission Blue Hope Spot. Yet its numbers are in decline. “Although Malpelo is a protected marine area,” Rivera explains, “it isn’t spared by the effects of acidification, pollution and overfishing, with 5000 sharks disappearing annually in this area alone.”
Despite its small size the island is believed to play an important role as an aggregation point for the reproduction of numerous marine species… The rugged underwater topography includes steep walls, caves and tunnels, reaching a depth of around 3,400 metres. Jointly with the local confluence of several oceanic currents, this complex terrain is the basis for highly diverse marine ecosystems and habitats. Due to the remoteness and protection efforts the conservation status of the property is excellent, making Malpelo one of the top diving destinations in the World…
Other biodiversity highlights include 17 marine mammal species, seven marine reptile species, 394 fish species and 340 species of mollusks. Known marine endemics include five fish species and two sea star species. Malpelo Island and its satellite rocks boast a limited but highly specialized terrestrial biodiversity characterized by a high degree endemism, including five plant species, three reptiles and two arthropods…
In spite of the small surface area Malpelo Island, and the rocks surrounding it, have significant ecological functions – not only as regards the limited but highly interesting and specialized terrestrial fauna and flora but also in terms of the interaction with the marine area. One example through the massive nutrient inputs from the huge bird colonies.
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